Czjzek distribution Model

class mrsimulator.models.CzjzekDistribution(sigma: float, polar=False)

Bases: mrsimulator.models.czjzek.AbstractDistribution

A Czjzek distribution model class.

The Czjzek distribution model is a random sampling of second-rank traceless symmetric tensors whose explicit matrix form follows

(51)\[\begin{split}{\bf S} = \left[ \begin{array}{l l l} \sqrt{3} U_5 - U_1 & \sqrt{3} U_4 & \sqrt{3} U_2 \\ \sqrt{3} U_4 & -\sqrt{3} U_5 - U_1 & \sqrt{3} U_3 \\ \sqrt{3} U_2 & \sqrt{3} U_3 & 2 U_1 \end{array} \right],\end{split}\]

where the components, \(U_i\), are randomly drawn from a five-dimensional multivariate normal distribution. Each component, \(U_i\), is a dimension of the five-dimensional uncorrelated multivariate normal distribution with the mean of \(<U_i>=0\) and the variance \(<U_iU_i>=\sigma^2\).

(52)\[S_T = S_C(\sigma),\]
Parameters

sigma (float) – The Gaussian standard deviation.

Note

In the original Czjzek paper, the parameter \(\sigma\) is given as two times the standard deviation of the multi-variate normal distribution used here.

Example

>>> from mrsimulator.models import CzjzekDistribution
>>> cz_model = CzjzekDistribution(0.5)
pdf(pos, size: int = 400000)

Generates a probability distribution function by binning the random variates of length size onto the given grid system.

Parameters
  • pos – A list of coordinates along the two dimensions given as NumPy arrays.

  • size – The number of random variates drawn in generating the pdf. The default is 400000.

Returns

A list of x and y coordinates and the corresponding amplitudes.

Example

>>> import numpy as np
>>> cq = np.arange(50) - 25
>>> eta = np.arange(21)/20
>>> Cq_dist, eta_dist, amp = cz_model.pdf(pos=[cq, eta])
rvs(size: int)

Draw random variates of length size from the distribution.

Parameters

size – The number of random points to draw.

Returns

A list of two NumPy array, where the first and the second array are the anisotropic/quadrupolar coupling constant and asymmetry parameter, respectively.

Example

>>> Cq_dist, eta_dist = cz_model.rvs(size=1000000)